Universal design specifications will generally meet the present and future needs of most elderly people. The primary concerns are safety and ease of access.

Use safety glass on shower doors and non-slip surfaces on tubs and shower trays, and possibly even around the toilet.

Provide lighting that is bright enough for people with vision problems, but does not create a glare.

Use faucets, door and drawer pulls and other fittings that are easy to grasp. Use only faucets with anti-scald devices.

Avoid scatter rugs and anything else that could cause a slip and fall.

Include a seat or bench in showers.

Consider installing illuminated light switches or motion-activated lights.

Choose toilets with raised or higher seats.

Place grab bars near toilets, tubs and showers.

Consider installing a motion-activated monitor that will sound an alarm if someone remains in the bathroom too long (over a hour).

Provide an accessible emergency alert device.

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