Many kitchen designers approach kitchen design in terms of the five major elements. These, they believe, are the basic essentials in every kitchen. All five elements will be part of most good kitchen designs.

Layout defines where you will place appliances, cabinets, sinks, counter space, informal dining areas, etc. These decisions determine how your kitchen will be used and how efficient it will be for your needs.

Appliances should be chosen first for function, then for style and appearance. The exterior finish you choose should match or blend with your cabinets and other design elements. The design will need to reflect the size and the preferred location of each appliance in your kitchen.

Storage is primarily provided by cabinets and a pantry. This might include compartments for small appliances (coffee maker, can opener).

Countertops provide workspace. You will want to plan for durable and attractive materials for countertops and consider how work spaces and dining areas intersect.

Lighting is essential. You will probably want a good combination of natural light and artificial light. By choosing lighting fixtures with care and positioning the right kind of light in the right area, you will have adequate light in work areas and appropriate lighting in dining areas.

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