Wainscoting can be used in any architectural stye home.

The original purpose of wainscoting was to cover the lower part of a wall, usually the lower three to five feet of the wall. Specifically, the aim was to cover walls in damp areas so wall stains from the rising dampness would not be visible.

Wainscoting is topped by a horizontal rail called the Dado rail. This served another function — to protect the walls so they would not be damaged by furniture, especially chairs. The Dado rail is also commonly called “chair rail”. Although the function of wainscoting and the chair rail is mainly decorative in most homes today, chair rail is still commonly seen in the dining room.

The most prevalent style of wainscoting is tongue-and-groove, but bead board is also very popular. Wainscoting can be found in a wide variety of patterns and styles, the style or pattern might be matched to specific architectural styles in very broad terms.