When a baby’s gums appear white, it could indicate a number of potential issues. It is important to first note that healthy gums should typically be a pinkish color, so any discoloration could be a cause for concern.
One possibility for white gums could be a fungal infection called thrush. Thrush can cause white patches or plaques in the mouth, including on the gums. This condition is caused by an overgrowth of the fungus Candida, which is already present in the mouth.
Thrush is most common in infants and can cause discomfort and difficulty feeding.
Another possible cause of white gums could be due to leukoplakia. This condition causes white patches on the gum tissue and can be caused by irritation, such as smoking or chewing tobacco. While leukoplakia is not typically harmful, it can increase a person’s risk for oral cancer.
In some cases, white gums may also be a symptom of a more serious medical condition such as anemia, which occurs when the body doesn’t produce enough red blood cells. This can cause pale skin, including pale gums.
Additionally, a vitamin deficiency, such as a lack of vitamin C, can cause gums to appear pale or white.
If a baby’s gums are white, it is important to consult a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan. Depending on the cause, treatment may include antifungal medication for thrush, addressing vitamin deficiencies or underlying medical conditions, or lifestyle changes to improve oral hygiene.
Prompt diagnosis and treatment is key to ensuring a happy and healthy baby.