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What are the duties of a lottery clerk?

A lottery clerk is responsible for selling lottery tickets, validating winning tickets, and performing other customer service duties at a lottery retail location. The main duties of a lottery clerk include:

  • Selling lottery tickets
  • Validating winning tickets
  • Balancing cash drawers
  • Processing ticket orders and shipments
  • Providing customer service
  • Maintaining inventory
  • Following lottery procedures and regulations
  • Handling money and making change
  • Cleaning and maintaining store displays
  • Promoting lottery products and games
  • Completing reports and paperwork
  • Attending training seminars

Lottery clerks work closely with the public and must have strong customer service skills. They need to be friendly, patient, and helpful when interacting with lottery players. Mathematical skills and attention to detail are also important qualities for succeeding as a lottery clerk. The ability to follow procedures and manage inventory are also requirements of the job. With training, lottery clerks gain the specific product knowledge and technical skills needed to operate lottery equipment and software.

Key Duties and Responsibilities

Here is a more in-depth look at some of the most important duties lottery clerks perform:

Selling Lottery Tickets

The primary responsibility of a lottery clerk is to sell lottery tickets to customers. This involves greeting customers, answering questions about lottery games, processing ticket purchases, and providing winning numbers. Lottery clerks must be familiar with all the lottery games available and able to clearly explain game rules and claim procedures to customers. They operate lottery terminals to issue printed tickets, process claims, and validate wins. Lottery clerks are responsible for promoting products and encouraging customers to play.

Validating Winning Tickets

Lottery clerks are often the first to validate winning lottery tickets. When a customer presents a potential winning ticket, the clerk uses a lottery terminal to scan the barcode and check it against winning numbers. They inform the customer if they have a winner and whether it can be cashed at the retail location or must be claimed directly from the lottery. Lottery clerks must be able to accurately verify tickets and cash prizes within authorized limits.

Balancing Cash Drawers

At the start and end of each shift, lottery clerks must count the money in their cash drawer and reconcile sales figures and inventory. Shortages or overages must be reported right away. Regularly balancing the cash drawer is an important duty to maintain security and prevent potential losses. Lottery clerks are accountable for their sales receipts, unsold inventory, and cash funds.

Processing Ticket Orders and Shipments

Lottery clerks are responsible for ordering and maintaining adequate ticket inventory. They place orders with lottery sales representatives and receive bulk ticket shipments. Upon delivery, lottery clerks must verify the accuracy of ticket packs received and submit payment documentation. They also unpack shipments and properly stock and secure new ticket inventory.

Providing Customer Service

Whether answering questions, cashing tickets, or recommending games, good customer service is a key part of a lottery clerk’s duties. They must be polite, patient, enthusiastic, and honest when dealing with the public. Lottery clerks act as ambassadors of the lottery brand by providing accurate information and promoting lottery products. They must be able to handle customer problems calmly and courteously.

Maintaining Inventory

Lottery clerks are responsible for tracking inventory levels and placing orders for additional stock. They must ensure there is adequate ticket inventory for all games without accruing excess stock. Outdated tickets must be identified and properly disposed of. Lottery clerks also maintain stock of paper for terminals, play slips, envelopes, claim forms, and other lottery materials. Keeping inventory organized makes the retail operation run more efficiently.

Following Lottery Procedures and Regulations

In their daily duties, lottery clerks must closely follow all lottery procedures, policies, and regulations. This includes strictly adhering to lottery validation requirements, prize payment authorization levels, and claim procedures. Lottery clerks could face penalties or termination for non-compliance. Staying up-to-date on all lottery protocols is an important responsibility.

Handling Money and Making Change

Lottery clerks handle cash transactions and make change for customers on a daily basis. They must accurately process sales, pay out winnings, and give correct change. This requires strong math skills, attention to detail, and knowledge of cash handling procedures. The ability to spot counterfeit currency is also important. Keeping an accurate cash drawer is vital.

Cleaning and Maintaining Store Displays

Lottery clerks are responsible for keeping lottery display areas clean, organized, stocked, and presentable. This involves cleaning ticket terminals, wiping down countertops, removing outdated point-of-sale materials, and updating displays. Well-merchandised and maintained displays help promote lottery products and sales.

Promoting Lottery Products and Games

Lottery clerks play an important role in marketing lottery games. They display promotional materials like posters and signs provided by the lottery. Their product recommendations and conversations with players help generate interest and drive ticket sales. Lottery clerks try to engage customers, ask about favorite games, explain new offerings, and remind players to play.

Completing Reports and Paperwork

Documentation is a crucial aspect of working as a lottery clerk. They must properly fill out daily sales reports, weekly settlement forms, merchandise orders, inventory counts, claim paperwork, and more. Submitting timely, accurate paperwork is essential. Lottery clerks also review sales performance data and reports to identify trends and opportunities.

Attending Training Seminars

Ongoing training is part of the job for lottery clerks. They attend periodic training seminars to stay up-to-date on new lottery products, changes in procedures, and sales techniques. Many lotteries require training hours to maintain retail licenses. These seminars cover topics like responsible gaming, security awareness, and customer service.

Skills and Qualifications

To succeed as a lottery clerk, certain skills and qualifications are required:

  • Math skills – Excellent math ability is crucial for making cash transactions, calculating change, and balancing the cash drawer accurately.
  • Customer service skills – Strong communication skills and a friendly, patient demeanor are needed to assist lottery customers.
  • Attention to detail – The ability to follow procedures precisely and avoid errors is vital when processing tickets and transactions.
  • Organization – Lottery clerks must keep their station, displays, and inventory neatly organized.
  • Integrity – Handling cash transactions and lottery tickets requires trustworthiness and integrity.
  • Dependability – Clerks must be reliable in reporting to work on schedule and completing all required duties and paperwork.
  • Physical stamina – The job requires prolonged periods of standing along with some stooping, crouching, and lifting.
  • Bookkeeping skills – Balancing the cash drawer and running sales reports involves bookkeeping knowledge.
  • Computer literacy – Lottery clerks utilize computerized terminals, software programs, and digital reporting systems.
  • High school diploma – A high school diploma or GED is typically required to work as a lottery clerk.

Certain qualifications may be required depending on the lottery jurisdiction. Many states mandate lottery clerks be at least 18 years old and pass a criminal background check. Prior retail experience and experience handling cash are also common requirements for lottery clerks. Fluency in multiple languages can be beneficial for serving diverse customer bases. While not always required, having a high school diploma or GED can improve job prospects and earning potential.

Working Conditions

Lottery clerks typically work in convenience stores, grocery stores, liquor stores, gas stations, and other lottery retailers. The work environment may include:

  • Indoor retail setting
  • Standing for long periods of time behind a counter
  • Exposure to cleaning chemicals
  • Interacting with the general public
  • Possibility of robbery
  • Working evenings, weekends, and holidays
  • Repetitive motions like scanning tickets

The job requires focus and patience dealing with long lines of customers and hearing the same questions repeatedly. Lottery clerks also face risk handling large amounts of cash. Adhering to lottery procedures and balancing the cash drawer perfectly every shift can be stressful. The job often involves working irregular hours like evenings, weekends, and holidays when lottery sales peak. Part-time roles are common. However, full-time clerks get benefits like health insurance and retirement plans through some employers and lotteries.

Salary and Job Outlook

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the median annual salary for retail sales clerks of all types was $24,200 in 2020. Salaries for lottery clerks may be slightly higher than average retail wages depending on experience, sales volume, and employer. Region also impacts salary levels. Lottery clerks earn more in areas where the cost of living is higher.

Job opportunities for lottery clerks are expected to decline over the next decade. Technological advances like self-serve lottery machines will reduce the need for clerks. However, positions will still be available as clerk duties evolve to focus more on customer service. Retail skills and computer literacy will be vital for job seekers. Job prospects may be best in areas with growing populations and lottery sales. Bilingual clerks may also have a better employment outlook.

Training and Advancement

Lottery clerks receive on-the-job training specific to operating lottery systems, validating tickets, and following procedures. Classroom sales training and instructional manuals teach the technical skills needed. Some states have video tutorials on lottery procedures. More training is provided when new products or procedures are implemented. Lottery clerks attend regular seminars to keep their industry knowledge current.

With experience, lottery clerks can advance to lead clerk or supervisory positions at higher pay. Some clerks move into lottery sales representative roles. Top-performing clerks may become owners and operators of lottery franchises. Lottery careers in marketing, game design, and administration management are other opportunities for experienced clerks. The customer service and sales abilities developed as a lottery clerk are valuable skills transferrable to many retail and hospitality sector jobs.


Lottery clerks perform an essential frontline role in the lottery industry. Excellent customer service and sales ability combined with meticulous cash handling procedures are requirements of the job. While the work can be repetitious, lottery clerks enjoy rewarding interactions with players and take pride promoting entertaining lottery games. With sound mathematical, organizational, and communication skills, detail-oriented individuals can find fulfilling careers as lottery clerks.