You should never attempt to mix hydrogen peroxide with anything to make it explode as it is highly dangerous and can cause serious injury. Hydrogen peroxide is a strong oxidizer, so it can react violently when mixed with certain other substances.
It can react with metals such as aluminum, magnesium, and iron to produce heat, fire and even explosions. Segregating hydrogen peroxide from combustibles and other incompatible materials is one of the most important safety measures in its handling.
Hydrogen peroxide should never be mixed with acids as they can create deadly peroxide-based compounds. Additionally, if you mix hydrogen peroxide with organic materials such as sugar, yeast, or kerosene, it can cause a violent chemical reaction resulting in an explosion.
How do you make explosive foam?
Explosive foam is a type of reactive foam that detonates in an explosive manner when exposed to the correct stimuli, such as a certain amount of pressure or heat. Making explosive foam involves combining certain substrates like a Nitrate-based compound, such as ammonium nitrate, with a fuel source like a combustible solvent.
Often a surface active agent (surfactant) is added to make the foam more stable and control its rate or velocity of detonation.
Once all of the components are combined, the fuel source will likely need to be applied in a fine mist or in a condensed or atomized form in order to effectively make an explosive foam. A combustor or nozzle is utilized to dispense the fuel source into the reactive foam.
Mixer blades within the combustor then cause the fuel source to be atomized and the foam to form. Once the foam is formed and applied, it will strongly adhere to surfaces and detonate when stimuli such as heat or pressure are applied.
When constructing explosive foam, it is important to adhere to safety protocols and handle the material with utmost caution due to the materials’ extreme reactivity. Care should always be taken to follow instructions closely when formulating and applying the foam.
What reacts with peroxide?
Peroxide is a highly reactive compound and has a wide variety of reactants, including many organic and inorganic compounds. In aqueous solutions, peroxide will easily react with metal ions like iron to form hydroxide, as well as with certain organic compounds, such as alcohols, phenols, carboxylic acids, and amino acids.
When peroxide comes into contact with many metals, such as iron and aluminium, a redox reaction occurs, forming hydroxide and water molecules. Similarly, when peroxide is mixed with inorganic compounds like acids, a redox reaction also occurs.
For example, when mixed with sulfuric acid, the acid will produce hydrogen peroxide and water.
When mixed with certain organic compounds, such as alcohols, phenols, and carboxylic acids, peroxide can also result in a redox reaction. The oxidation process produces peroxy acids by replacing the hydrogen atom in the molecule with an oxygen atom.
Certain amino acids, such as alanine and tryosine, will also react with peroxide and form a variety of products like disulfides, tertiary alcohols, hydroperoxides, and other peroxides. These reactions occur as a result of the oxidation of the amino acid’s amine groups by the peroxide, which can lead to the formation of organic peroxides.
Overall, peroxide is a highly reactive compound and has a wide range of reactants, including many organic and inorganic compounds. Through the oxidation and reduction processes, peroxide can produce a variety of products, depending on which molecule it is mixed with.
What happens if I mix baking soda and peroxide?
If you mix baking soda and peroxide together, the two will form a reaction that releases oxygen, carbon dioxide and water. This reaction produces a mild bubbling or foam, which is the result of oxygen being created and released.
It is important to note that mixing peroxide and baking soda is not recommended due to the potential for damaging surfaces or harming skin. Additionally, the reaction is highly exothermic, meaning it could cause the substances to become hot quickly.
Therefore, it is best to exercise caution when attempting this combination and to keep it away from children and pets.
What happens when you mix salt with hydrogen peroxide?
When you mix salt with hydrogen peroxide, a chemical reaction occurs that can create a fizzing action. The salt acts as a catalyst, which means it helps speed up the rate at which the hydrogen peroxide decomposes into oxygen and water.
This reaction is a type of redox reaction, and it gives off heat, light and sound. The light given off is usually a pale purple and the sound is usually a popping noise. The exact reaction that takes place is a little complex, but the end result is that you are left with oxygen, water, and sodium chloride (common table salt).
This reaction is a great way to observe chemical reactions, and it can also be used for practical purposes such as cleaning or disinfecting.
What catalyst can break down hydrogen peroxide?
Catalase is a naturally occurring enzyme that can catalyze the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide into water and oxygen. It is found in nearly all organisms, including plants, animals, and bacteria, and is typically located within the cell’s cytoplasm or organelle.
This process, known as autocatalysis, is extremely exothermic in nature, releasing a substantial amount of heat, and is also known as “cold combustion”. The enzyme increases the rate of the reaction without being destroyed itself, and enables the cells to prevent the production of toxic by-products that can damage the cells.
In addition, the presence of catalase helps to reduce the amount of oxygen needed for certain cellular processes. While this enzyme is found in all living cells, certain organisms have higher concentrations of catalase than others, such as yeast, which has the highest concentration of this enzyme among the eukaryotes.
It is also important to note that the reaction of hydrogen peroxide does not require the presence of a catalyst, but the process is very slow in the absence of one.
What should you not use hydrogen peroxide for?
Hydrogen peroxide should not be used for anything other than disinfecting wounds and surface areas, as it can contain deadly toxins. Additionally, it should not be used as a household cleaner as it has been known to cause fires when mixed with common household cleaners or other products.
Hydrogen peroxide can react with many products and should not be combined with any other chemicals. Furthermore, hydrogen peroxide should not be used as a mouthwash or gargle, as it has been known to cause oral sensitivities and irritations.
Finally, hydrogen peroxide should never be ingested and should only be used on intact skin. When using hydrogen peroxide, it should be diluted with water as undiluted hydrogen peroxide can cause further irritation or burning.
Does hydrogen peroxide react with water?
Yes, hydrogen peroxide will react with water. When hydrogen peroxide is combined with water, the hydrogen peroxide will break down into oxygen and water. This process is known as “hydrolysis. ” This reaction creates water and a small amount of oxygen gas.
The oxygen gas will cause the solution to foam and fizz. This reaction is caused by the electrons in the hydrogen peroxide molecules shifting, creating a molecule of water and a molecule of oxygen gas.
The reaction is quite exothermic, meaning it creates heat as it is released.
What happens if hydrogen peroxide is exposed to light?
If hydrogen peroxide is exposed to light, then it can decompose, or break down, into oxygen and water due to the effect of the light’s energy. This process is known as photodecomposition. Photodecomposition of hydrogen peroxide occurs when photons, or tiny packets of energy, break the bonds between oxygen and hydrogen atoms in the hydrogen peroxide molecules.
The single oxygen atoms resulting from this process combine with the hydrogen atoms to form the gases oxygen and water. The rate of decomposition is an exponential function of light intensity and ranges from 0.014% to 0.
84% per hour at 600-720 nm light intensity. Additionally, the decomposition occurs more rapidly in the presence of catalysts, such as iron and copper, which accelerate the electron transfers taking place in the photodecomposition process.
Consequently, hydrogen peroxide should be stored in a cool, dark place and away from any light source or air, as air may contain catalysts that accelerate photodecomposition.
Can you mix hydrogen peroxide and nail polish remover?
No, it is not recommended that you mix hydrogen peroxide and nail polish remover together. Hydrogen peroxide is an oxidizing agent and nail polish remover is usually acetone, a strong solvent. When mixed together, their chemical reactions can create potentially dangerous fumes and explosive reactions.
It is also possible that this mixture can cause skin, eye or respiratory irritation, or even damage the materials it comes into contact with. Therefore, it is best to avoid mixing these two materials together for your own safety.
How is acetone explosive?
Acetone is an explosive because it is highly flammable. It is classified as a Class B flammable liquid, meaning that it has a flash point of 100°F (37°C). When exposed to sufficient temperature or an ignition source, such as a spark, acetone can quickly convert to a gas and create an explosion.
Acetone is also highly volatile, meaning it can vaporize quickly and has a high vapor pressure. This can lead to the buildup of high concentrations of acetone vapors and increase the risk of an explosion.
High concentrations of acetone vapors can result from improper storage, limited ventilation, and working with very large amounts of acetone. It is important to store and use acetone in a safe manner and provide adequate ventilation.
How does TATP explode?
TATP, or triacetone triperoxide, is a highly volatile homemade explosive made using common household supplies. It has a discreet, odorless profile that makes it particularly useful for terrorist attacks, as the explosive won’t be detected by narcotics-sniffing dogs.
TATP is created when a solution of acetone is then combined with a solution of hydrogen peroxide and an acid, usually generated from a mixture of sulfuric acid and an oxygen-donating material such as sulfuric acid drain cleaner or hydrogen peroxide.
These ingredients are combined, shaken and then allowed to evaporate. What is left behind is a crystalized, easily combustible powder.
When TATP is exposed to a spark or heat, it decomposes quickly and gives off oxygen, which causes an instantaneous combustion reaction. This reaction is exothermic, which means that heat is released as the explosive decomposes.
This sudden jolt of heat is sufficient to ignite nearby explosives or combustible material and ignite several other explosives in the same vicinity, resulting in a large explosion.
What kind of explosive is used in TATP?
TATP, or triacetone triperoxide, is an extremely powerful explosive used in terrorist attacks and improvised explosive devices. It is a high explosive, meaning that when it detonates, a large percentage of its energy is released almost immediately.
Unlike traditional high explosives, however, TATP does not contain any metal-based components, making it an attractive option for terrorist acts. It is often referred to as the “Mother of Satan” or the “Devil’s Explosive” as it can be created from easily accessible materials and is exceptionally difficult to detect or detect traces of.
TATP is made from a combination of common household chemicals, including acetone, hydrogen peroxide, and a strong acid. The mix is heated in stages until it forms a white crystalline powder that is highly unstable and explosive, even at low concentrations.
TATP is usually detonated with a fuse, but have been known to be set off by a spark, an impact, a flame, or simply a loud noise. The effects of an explosion, even a small one, can be devastating.
How stable is TATp?
TATp is very stable and can be stored for long periods of time when stored according to recommended conditions. It is classified as a hazardous substance, meaning that it must be stored in airtight, closed containers in cool, dry locations away from heat, open flames, and direct sunlight.
With proper storage, TATp can remain stable for up to two years. Due to its explosive property, it must be handled with extreme caution and safety measures must be taken. It is recommended to store it away from other flammable or combustible materials, as well as any strong acids.
What is fuel oil ANFO?
Fuel Oil ANFO (Ammonium Nitrate Fuel Oil) is a type of explosive material commonly used in the mining and construction industries for creating large explosive charges. It is a mixture of 94% ammonium nitrate and 6% fuel oil.
Fuel oil ANFO is used for open pit mines and quarries. This explosive material is relatively safe for use in underground and surface blasting applications due to its low detonation velocity, controlled detonation behavior, and high brisance.
Fuel oil ANFO also has a low cost, making it a popular choice among users. The explosive is created through the two-step procedure of mixing a small amount of fuel oil with fine ammonium nitrate crystals.
Under proper conditions, the fuel oil helps to bind and sensitizer ammonium nitrate, allowing it to be detonate easily with minimal heat and energy.
How do you concentrate hydrogen peroxide?
Hydrogen peroxide can be concentrated via distillation. This process involves boiling it until a desired level of concentration is reached. A typical distillation setup for hydrogen peroxide consists of a boiling flask, a condenser, and a receiving flask, all connected by ground glass joints.
The boiling flask is filled with the liquid hydrogen peroxide and heated. As the liquid boils, the water content is evaporated, leaving behind the concentrated hydrogen peroxide in the receiving flask.
This process can be repeated until the desired concentration is achieved. Once the desired level of concentration is obtained, it is important to store the hydrogen peroxide in a dark container such as a brown glass bottle and away from heat or light sources.
This will help ensure that the concentration level is maintained and that it does not degrade.
How can I make my hydrogen peroxide stronger?
The strength of hydrogen peroxide depends on its concentration. While pure hydrogen peroxide is rated at 100%, most commercial uses are no more than 10%. To enhance the strength of hydrogen peroxide, there are two primary methods: concentration and dilution.
Increasing the concentration of hydrogen peroxide can be done by using a process called fractional distillation, which involves boiling the hydrogen peroxide and collecting the fractional vapors or condensates in separate containers.
Additionally, diluting hydrogen peroxide with water can also make it stronger, but this does not result in a purer form of the substance. It is important to exercise caution when attempting to increase hydrogen peroxide’s strength, as the substance is highly corrosive and can cause burns on contact.
Ideally, always consult with a chemical supplier or laboratory expert before undertaking any chemical processes.
What is the highest strength hydrogen peroxide?
The highest strength of hydrogen peroxide available in consumer products is 12%. It is the strongest concentration of hydrogen peroxide that can be purchased over the counter and is considered a “high-level disinfectant”.
Higher concentrations are commonly used in industrial and laboratory applications, but they are not available to the general public. Generally speaking, higher concentrations of hydrogen peroxide are used for a variety of industrial and commercial applications related to water treatment, wood or paper bleaching, laundry and oxygen bleaching, etching, and surface cleaning and disinfection.
Additionally, hydrogen peroxide is occasionally used for the sterilization of surgical and medical tools and instruments. For this purpose, hydrogen peroxide can be used in concentrations up to 35%.
At what concentration is hydrogen peroxide explosive?
Hydrogen peroxide is a colorless and odorless liquid that is most commonly used as a disinfectant or for bleaching hair. It is usually found at concentrations of 3-9% in stores, and is safe to use. However, hydrogen peroxide is highly reactive and can become explosive at higher concentrations.
This can happen over a range of concentrations, but generally mixtures with a concentration of greater than 85% are considered to be potentially explosive. At concentrations above 100%, hydrogen peroxide will decompose explosively although it seldom achieves these concentrations in normal usage.
Hydrogen peroxide can also become explosive if it is heated or mixed with other chemicals such as hydrocarbons, metallic salts, acids, and bases. Catalysts such as metals and certain enzymes can also cause the decomposition reaction to occur faster.
In addition, presence of even a small amount of impurities can increase the rate of the reaction and the risk of an explosion.
If hydrogen peroxide is handled at higher concentrations, it should be done with extreme caution and under strictly controlled conditions. Special storage procedures must be followed and great care should be taken to avoid accidental contact with catalysts.
It is recommended to consult with a hazardous materials expert when working with concentrations above 30%.