Skip to Content

What does gonorrhea do to the sperm?

Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted bacterial infection that primarily affects the reproductive system of both men and women. One of the major concerns related to gonorrhea is its impact on the sperm quality and motility in men.

Gonorrhea bacteria can infect the urethra, which is the tube that carries urine and semen from the penis, causing a condition known as urethritis. Urethritis can lead to swelling, inflammation, and irritation in the urethra, which can result in pain and discomfort during urination. This infection can also spread to the testicles and epididymis, which are the tubes that store and transport sperm, leading to a condition called epididymitis.

When gonorrhea bacteria infect the male reproductive system, they can cause more harm than just the physical symptoms of infection. The bacteria can also affect the quality of the sperm, leading to decreased motility and sperm count. This happens because the immune system of the body triggers an inflammatory response to fight off the infection, resulting in the production of white blood cells that can damage the sperm. The inflammatory response can also cause scarring in the epididymis, leading to obstructed sperm transport, which ultimately negatively impacts fertility.

Untreated gonorrhea infections can also lead to long-term health complications such as infertility. Therefore, it is important to seek medical attention as soon as possible. If diagnosed with gonorrhea, the treatment is usually a single dose of antibiotics, which can effectively cure the infection and prevent further damage to the reproductive system. Regular screening for sexually transmitted diseases, practicing safe sex, and seeking prompt medical care can prevent the detrimental effects of gonorrhea bacteria on the male reproductive system.

How do you know if your sperm is infected?

If a person is experiencing symptoms such as pain or discomfort during ejaculation, cloudy or yellowish discharge from the penis, or pain or swelling in the testicles, it may indicate an infection in the genital tract, which can affect the sperm.

A bacterial or viral infection can affect the sperm quality and motility, leading to decreased fertility and risks of miscarriage. One of the commonly known infections that can affect the sperm is Chlamydia, which can cause inflammation and blockages in the reproductive tract, leading to low sperm count and motility. Other infections such as Gonorrhea, Mycoplasma, and viruses like HIV or Hepatitis B can also infect the sperm and reduce fertility.

If a person suspects an infection, it is essential to seek medical attention and get tested for sexually transmitted infections or other possible infections. The doctor may perform a semen analysis to test the sperm count, motility, and morphology and may also recommend other tests such as blood work or a urine sample to rule out any underlying causes.

If a person experiences symptoms related to an infection in the reproductive tract or is concerned about their fertility, they should consult a healthcare provider to determine the underlying cause and get the necessary medical treatment. It is crucial to practice safe sex, maintain good hygiene, and get tested regularly to prevent infections and maintain reproductive health.