The main difference between star jasmine (Trachelospermum jasminoides) and Confederate jasmine (Trachelospermum asiaticum) is their appearance. Star jasmine has star-shaped bright white blooms, whereas Confederate jasmine has single, creamy white blooms with a yellow eye.
Star jasmine is evergreen and its leaves are composed of shiny green leaflets that become bronze tinted in cold weather. Confederate jasmine has glossy, dark green leaves, and it is semi-evergreen, losing its leaves in colder temperatures.
In terms of growth habit, star jasmine is an evergreen twining vine and will grow 20 to 30 feet long. It prefers full sun to partial shade, while Confederate jasmine is upright to arching and can get to 10 feet in length.
It is more tolerant of shade than star jasmine and will do well in full sun to partial shade.
Both species of jasmine are easy to grow and are attractive plants, but Star jasmine is more commonly cultivated in gardens than Confederate jasmine due to its size, vigorous growth, and vibrant display of blooms.
Is there another name for Confederate jasmine?
Yes, Confederate jasmine is also known by several other common names, including star jasmine, confederate jessamine, and Carolina jasmine. It is an evergreen vine native to parts of Asia and is distinguished for its white, star-shaped flowers and glossy green foliage.
Confederate jasmine is typically cultivated in gardens as a ground cover and is easy to care for, making it a popular choice for landscaping.
What is a Confederate jasmine tree?
A Confederate jasmine (Jasminum polyanthum) is a popular landscape plant with ornate foliage and bright, white, fragrant clusters of flowers. Native to East Asia, it is characterized by strong, arching, dark green stems that bear glossy leaves and masses of sweetly fragrant flowers from late winter to early summer.
It’s an ideal choice if you want a fast-growing vine to cover an unsightly exterior wall, garden arbor or fence line.
Depending on how it’s grown and pruned, Confederate jasmine can take on many forms, from an upright standard or single-stemmed small tree to a climbing vine, a cascading groundcover or a lush, bushy shrub.
Its glossy foliage is evergreen in mild climates and semi-deciduous in colder regions, quickly replenishing itself each spring. As a vine, it can reach up to 20 feet tall, with a spreading woody branches supported by aerial roots and stems that cling to a support structure.
The showy white flowers with five petals bloom in late winter, spring and again in early fall, delighting the senses with their intoxicating fragrance. Growing rapidly in sunny locations with moist, slightly acid soil, Confederate jasmine is relatively easy to care for and requires little maintenance, apart from pruning and occasional feeding and watering.
It may require some extra attention to keep its foliage looking attractive and healthy, as it’s susceptible to aphids, scale and sooty mold.
Which jasmine smells the strongest?
The strongest smelling jasmine would likely be the species Jasminum sambac, more commonly known as Arabian jasmine. It has large, white, intensely fragrant blossoms that can perfume an entire garden.
The scent of this particular species of jasmine is highly sought after for its strong and sweet aroma, which is why it is widely used in perfumery as well as for making tea and flavoring food. Other jasmine species can also have a pungent smell, but it is generally much less intense than that of Arabian jasmine.
Should I prune Confederate jasmine?
Yes, you should prune Confederate jasmine. Pruning will help to keep your Confederate jasmine looking good and thriving. Pruning also helps to control its growth and size, and allows new and healthy growth.
Pruning this plant may also help prevent any disease or pest infestations, as well as allowing more air and sunshine to reach the interior of the plant. When pruning the plant, make sure you use clean, sterilised shears, and make sure to remove any dead or damaged stems first, as well as any stems that are overcrowding each other.
When pruning, make sure to trim back the stems to encourage new growth in the coming season. Pruning is best done in the early spring, just before new growth arises.
Does Confederate jasmine stay green all year?
No, Confederate jasmine (Trachelospermum jasminoides) is an evergreen vine, meaning that it will retain its green foliage year-round in mild climates. In colder regions, the foliage will die back in the winter and start to regrow again in early spring when temperatures begin to rise.
In areas with cold winters, it is best to provide the plant with some protection from the weather. Even in mild climates, the foliage may not stay green during a particularly dry or warm spell in autumn and winter.
Additionally, some parts of the plant may freeze and die back during cold weather.
Does jasmine grow back after winter?
Yes, jasmine can definitely grow back after winter. While the plant may lose some of its foliage in freezing temperatures, it is a hardy plant and can endure cold weather. During the winter, the jasmine will become dormant, meaning it won’t grow, but as soon as temperatures begin to warm up it will begin putting out new growth.
Depending on the variety, jasmine can survive temperatures as low as 10 degrees Fahrenheit or lower. In areas with very cold winters, jasmine may need to be planted in a sheltered location or in a pot that can be moved indoors.
With proper care and protection, jasmine will begin blooming again in the spring and during the summer months.
What does jasmine look like in winter?
In winter, jasmine plants look quite different from their usual lush, green foliage. Jasmine is an evergreen climbing shrub, and its semi-woody stems and shoots turn light brown in winter. Leaves usually become a deep green or grey-green with reddish tinges, and the flowers are replaced by long oval fruits.
These fruits ripen in summer but remain on the plant until winter. During the winter months, the foliage of the jasmine is often sparse and leaves can drop off, leaving the bare stems exposed. The overall structure of the plant, however, is still evident.
Jasmine also has a pleasant scent all year round, especially in the evenings – even when it doesn’t bloom.
Do jasmine plants go dormant in winter?
Yes, jasmine plants go dormant in winter, like many other plants native in temperate or cool climates. When the days become shorter and the temperature drops, jasmine plants will stop growing and producing new shoots and flowers.
This is a natural process, as the cold can damage the delicate foliage and flowers of jasmine plants. Even if the winters in your area aren’t severe, it’s still important to give your jasmine plants the protection they need during this period.
During dormancy, jasmine plants require little, if any, pruning or care. Mulch around the jasmine plants during winter for insulation and to prevent the soil from drying out and becoming too cold. When spring arrives, new growth will emerge, and regular pruning and maintenance can resume.
Do jasmine plants lose their leaves?
Yes, jasmine plants can lose their leaves under certain conditions. Jasmine plants are tropical shrubs that require warm, moist climates to survive. If a jasmine plant is left in temperatures that are too cold, or if it is in too dry of soil, the leaves may yellow and drop off.
Additionally, if a jasmine plant does not receive enough sunlight—usually at least four hours of direct sunlight a day—it may begin to lose its leaves. Jasmine plants may also lose their leaves if overwatered, lacking in essential nutrients, or dealing with pests.
In most cases, if the necessary conditions are addressed then the jasmine plant should maintain healthy leaves.