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What is the full form of KVS?

KVS stands for Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan. It is an autonomous body that manages and operates Kendriya Vidyalayas (Central Schools) in India. Let’s explore more about KVS in detail:

Introduction to KVS

Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan (KVS) oversees the functioning of all Kendriya Vidyalayas in India. It was established in 1963 to provide uninterrupted education to the wards of transferable Central Government employees. Over the years, KVS has emerged as one of the largest chains of schools in the world and operates over 1,200 schools across India and abroad.

Some key facts about KVS:

  • It is an autonomous organization under the Ministry of Education, Government of India.
  • The motto of KVS is “Tat Twam Asi” which translates to “That Thou Art”.
  • It caters to the educational needs of children of central government employees including defense personnel and para-military forces.
  • The medium of instruction is English/Hindi/Sanskrit.
  • Admissions are based on a lottery system to ensure fair chance for all students.

Over the decades, KVS has become synonymous with excellence in school education and is consistently ranked among the top school chains in various surveys and reports. It has played a pioneering role in bringing quality education to all sections of society.

History of KVS

Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan was established in November 1963 by the Government of India. The objective was to provide uninterrupted quality education to the children of transferable central government employees who often had to move from one city to another due to transfers.

Prior to the establishment of KVS, the children of central government employees studied in local schools amid frequent disruptions due to transfers. To address this, the first Kendriya Vidyalaya was started in Delhi on 15th December 1963.

Subsequently, the Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan was registered as a society under the Societies Registration Act in 1965. This provided KVS autonomous status and the flexibility to tailor the education system as per contemporary requirements.

Major milestones in the history of KVS:

Year Milestone
1963 Establishment of KVS in Delhi
1965 KVS registered as an autonomous organization
1970s Rapid expansion of KV schools across India
1988 KVS affiliated to CBSE board
1990s Introduction of merit-based scholarships
2000s Adoption of digitization and technology in education
2010s Expansion abroad with schools in Kathmandu, Tehran, Moscow etc.

Over the past few decades, KVS has grown tremendously from just 20 schools in the 1960s to over 1,200 schools today. It has consistently adapted its curriculum and teaching practices to prepare students for the modern world while retaining its core values and ethos.

Objectives of KVS

KVS was established with the following key objectives:

  • To cater to the educational needs of the children of transferable Central Government employees including defense and paramilitary personnel.
  • To ensure that the children get uninterrupted education during transfers through a common syllabus.
  • To promote national integration and provide opportunities to excel in academics and extracurricular activities.
  • To inculcate values, foster social skills and promote cultural awareness among students.
  • To experiment with innovative teaching practices and set benchmarks for excellence in the field of school education.

These founding objectives continue to drive KVS as it expands its footprint pan-India and abroad. There is a strong emphasis on holistic development of students, excellence in academics, promoting national integration and shaping responsible citizens.

Salient Features of KVS

Here are some of the salient features of the KVS education system:

  • Common national curriculum – KVS follows a common curriculum and syllabus across all its schools in India and abroad.
  • Affiliation to CBSE – All KV schools are affiliated to the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE).
  • Choice of subjects – Students can choose from an array of subjects including humanities, commerce and science streams.
  • Co-educational system – Kendriya Vidyalayas have a co-educational environment.
  • Trained faculty – KVS recruits qualified and trained teachers across all subjects through a national level exam.
  • Focus on extra-curriculars – Strong emphasis on sports, arts, music, NCC, clubs to ensure holistic development.
  • National integration – Students from all parts of India study together to promote national integration.

The common curriculum, transferability and high standard of academics have made KVS one of the most preferred schools for children of transferable central govt employees.

Types of KVS Schools

There are primarily three types of KVS schools:

  1. Regular Kendriya Vidyalayas – These are normal KV schools within India.
  2. Kendriya Vidyalayas abroad – Started to serve children of Indian diaspora and expatriates abroad.
  3. Kendriya Vidyalaya Projects – These are run in partnership with State Governments who provide land and funds.

The first two types are directly managed by KVS while the Kendriya Vidyalaya Projects are implemented in partnership with State/UT Governments. All schools follow the same KVS curriculum, norms and standards irrespective of their geographical location.

Admission Process in KVS

Admission to Kendriya Vidyalayas is open to children of transferable Central Government employees including defense personnel, para-military forces and other eligible categories detailed in the KVS admission guidelines.

The key steps in the KVS admission process are:

  1. Issuance of admission notice by KVS along with online registration details.
  2. Online registration by parents/guardians along with relevant documents.
  3. Verification of documents and eligibility by Vidyalaya admission committee.
  4. Shortlisting of applicants through a computerized lottery system.
  5. Issue of admission approval letter to selected candidates.
  6. Admission and registration of the child in allotted Kendriya Vidyalaya.

Admissions are strictly according to KVS guidelines based on merit-cum-choice in a transparent manner. Detailed guidelines are published every year on the KVS website before the admission session commences.

Student Strength in KVS

As of 2022, the total student enrollment in Kendriya Vidyalayas stood at approximately 15,50,000. The breakup across classes is shown in the table below:

Class Student Strength
I – V 7,55,000
VI – VIII 3,05,000
IX – X 1,65,000
XI – XII 1,40,000
Total 15,50,000

The student strength has grown steadily over the years mirroring the expansion of KVS across India. KVS schools have a good teacher to student ratio which allows focused attention on each child.

Organizational Structure of KVS

KVS functions through a well defined organizational structure comprising of its headquarters, regional offices and individual schools.

  • At the apex level is the KVS Headquarters located in New Delhi responsible for policy and governance.
  • There are currently 25 regional offices across India headed by a Deputy Commissioner.
  • Each school has a Principal as administrative and academic head assisted by Vice Principal(s) and teaching faculty.
  • There are several functional divisions/cells at HQ and regional office level handling key responsibilities like academics, finance, administration, training etc.

The Board of Governors comprising senior officials from education and finance ministries oversees the overall governance of KVS. There are also Regional Committees and Vidyalaya Management Committees providing inputs at region and school level respectively.

Infrastructure & Facilities in KVS

Kendriya Vidyalayas boast of excellent academic and sporting infrastructure conducive for education:

  • Spacious classrooms equipped with modern facilities.
  • Libraries stocked with books, magazines and educational material.
  • Smart classes enabled with audio-visual equipment.
  • Science and computer labs to promote practical learning.
  • Playgrounds, gymnasiums and courts to pursue sports and games.
  • Activity rooms for arts, music, dance and creativity.
  • Medical inspection rooms with doctor and nurse on campus.

The schools also have residential quarters for teachers and staff within the premises. The infrastructure is specially designed keeping in mind student safety, accessibility and a stimulating learning environment.

Teaching Methodology in KVS

Kendriya Vidyalayas adopt child-centric teaching methodologies focused on interactive and experiential learning. Some key aspects include:

  • Interactive Classrooms – Use of discussions, debates, questioning and two-way communication.
  • Activity Based Learning – Learning through activities, experiments, projects etc.
  • Collaborative Learning – Group activities and projects promoting teamwork.
  • Audio-Visual Aids – Use of rich media for experiential learning.
  • ICT Skills – Integrating technology into pedagogy.
  • Experiments & Field Trips – Promoting hands-on learning.
  • Sports & Co-curriculars – Holistic development through sports and arts.

This stimulates the natural curiosity of children and makes learning engaging and enjoyable. KVS also regularly trains its teachers to upgrade their knowledge and teaching skills aligned to latest pedagogical advancements.

Exams and Assessment Pattern in KVS

Students of Kendriya Vidyalayas appear for the board exams conducted by CBSE in Class 10 and Class 12. Additionally, regular assessments are conducted through:

  • Periodic Tests – Fortnightly, mid-term and annual exams.
  • Notebook Submissions – Regular evaluation of student notebooks.
  • Assignments – Practice exercises and projects.
  • Practical Exams – Science, computer science and other practicals.
  • Viva Voce – Oral question-answer evaluation for languages.

The periodic assessments not only evaluate learning levels but also help identify and improve weaker areas for each student. The comprehensive assessment pattern conforms to the CBSE guidelines.

Academic Performance of KVS

Kendriya Vidyalayas have consistently achieved stellar results and ranked among the top schools in CBSE Class 10 and 12 board exam results. Some key highlights:

  • In 2022, the overall Class 12 pass percentage touched 97.04%.
  • 99.17% of Class 10 students passed in 2022 with flying colors.
  • Every year, several KV students feature in the CBSE Class 12 topper list.
  • The number of students scoring a perfect 10 CGPA in Class 10 has risen over the years.
  • KVS students have excelled in JEE, NEET and other competitive exams year after year.

The excellent board exam results and student performances in entrance exams demonstrate the high standards of academic excellence ingrained in the KVS system.

Notable Alumni of KVS

Many distinguished personalities from diverse fields are proud alumni of Kendriya Vidyalayas. Some notable names include:

Name Field
Vikram Ambalal Sarabhai Scientist (Indian Space Research Pioneer)
Lt Gen N S Malik Army Officer (Kargil War Veteran)
K. Sivan Scientist (ISRO Chairman)
R. Madhavan Actor
Manish Malhotra Fashion Designer
Parupalli Kashyap Badminton Player

The long list of notable KV alumni is a testament to the high-quality all-round education provided by Kendriya Vidyalayas enabling students to excel in diverse areas.

Recent Developments

Some recent developments and initiatives by KVS are:

  • Digital initiatives – Launch of e-KV portal for online records, virtual classrooms, cashless transactions etc.
  • Enhanced science labs – Setting up of state-of-the-art labs under VidyaLaxmi initiative.
  • Hub of Learning – Digital repository of study material and lesson plans for students and teachers.
  • Vocational education – Introducing job-oriented courses in Kendriya Vidyalayas.
  • Global outreach – Collaboration with foreign schools and international exchange programs.

KVS has always been at the forefront of innovation to take the Kendriya Vidyalaya education system to greater heights while retaining its core founding principles and values.


Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan has made immense contributions in shaping the lives of lakhs of students and building a reputation for academic excellence over the past five decades. From its humble origins in 1963, KVS has now become one of the largest and most well-reputed school networks in India.

The common curriculum, transferability, high standard of teaching and emphasis on all-round development has made KVS a preferred choice for children of transferable Central Govt employees across India. With over 1,200 schools and 15 lakh students under its wing, the future of Kendriya Vidyalayas looks brighter than ever.